The Reason we choose this title “Child labour A Dent on World’s Face ” after knowing the current statistics around the world . In 2017, four African nations (Mali, Benin, Chad and Guinea-Bissau) witnessed over 50 percent of children aged 5–14 working. An estimated 168 million children aged 5–17 worldwide were involved in child labour in 2013 . Where as per the National Census 2011, there are close to 10.1 million child labourers in India, in the age group of 5 to 14 years . There are 22.87 million working children in India between 15-18 years.
ILO 2016 data indicates that there are 152 million working children in the world between 5-17 years, of which 23.8 million children are in India. So 16% of the working children (or every 6th working child) in this age group is in India .
Worldwide agriculture is the largest employer of child labour.The vast majority of child labour is found in rural settings and informal urban economies; children are predominantly employed by their parents. Poverty and lack of schools are considered to be the primary cause of child labour.
Child labour in India
Child labour in India, has become a social norm that we accept and tolerate in our society. This exploitative and abusive practice will continue unless society & goverment adopts a zero tolerance policy . Children will continue to be exploited and abused because the goverment and people do not address children’s issues comprehensively.
Factors such as poverty, lack of social security, the increasing gap between the rich and the poor have adversely affected children more than any other group. We have failed to provide universal education, which results in children dropping out of school and entering the labour force.
Rural areas employ 85 percent of the child labour in India. They are forced to work at young ages due to factors such as poverty, unemployment, a large family size, and lack of proper education. Child labour in India is now not confined to the agricultural sector.
In recent times, children are engaged into activities such as beedi-making, brick kilns, carpet weaving, commercial sexual exploitation, construction, fireworks and matches factories, dhabas, hotels, hybrid cottonseed production, leather, mines, quarries, silk, synthetic gems, etc.
How Can we deal with This Monster
International Labour Organization (ILO) suggests poverty is the greatest single cause behind child labour .Lack of meaningful alternatives, such as affordable schools and quality education, according to ILO, is another major factor driving children to harmful labour. Children work because they have nothing better to do.
Therefore the government should bring down the incidence of child labour through reform and investment in education. Mid-day meals should be re-emphasized; homeless children should be provided housing .Laws banning child labour should be more strictly enforced in state.
Private Organisation should compulsorily take steps for the intellectual, vocational and educational well-being and upliftment of a child worker.
Child labour is not a choice, it is a necessity, the only option for survival. Come let us Join Hand’s to overcome this cruel act from our society . We need every one help , it can’t be alone done by any goverment or organisation , it should be resposnibility for each one of us .